Doing business in India requires one to pick a type of business company. In India one can choose from five different types of legal entities to conduct agency. These include Sole Proprietorship, Partnership Firm, Limited Liability Partnership, Private Limited Company and Public Limited Company. The choice of the business entity is obsessed with various factors such as taxation, ownership liabilities, compliance burden, investment options and exit strategy.
Lets look at organizations entities in detail
This is the most easy business entity set up in India. It does not have its own Permanent Account Number (PAN) and the PAN of the owner (Proprietor) acts as the PAN for the Sole Proprietorship firm. Registrations with some other government departments are required only on a need basis. For example, if ever the business provides services and repair tax is applicable, then registration with the service tax department is imperative. Same is true for other indirect taxes like VAT, Excise and. It is not possible to transfer the ownership of a Sole Proprietorship from one person to another. However, assets of the firm may be sold from one person to another. Proprietors of sole proprietorship firms have unlimited business liability. This signifies that owners’ personal assets could be attached to meet business liability claims.
A partnership firm in India is governed by The Partnership Act, 1932. Two or more persons can form a Partnership be subject to maximum of 20 partners. A partnership deed is prepared that details amazed capital each partner will contribute into the partnership. It also details how much profit/loss each partner will share. Working partners of the partnership are also allowed to draw a salary as per The Indian Partnership Act. A partnership is also allowed to purchase assets in its name. However the one who owns such assets will be partners of the firm. A partnership may/may not be dissolved in case of death of any partner. The partnership doesn’t really have its own legal standing although a unique Permanent Account Number (PAN) is used on the partnership. Partners of the firm have unlimited business liabilities which means their personal assets can be belonging to meet business liability claims of the partnership firm. Also losses incurred as being a result act of negligence of one partner is liable for payment from every partner of the partnership firm.
A partnership firm may or may not be registered with Registrar of Firms (ROF). Registration provides some legal protection to partners in case they have differences between them. Until a partnership deed is registered with the ROF, it may not be treated as legal document. However, this doesn’t prevent either the Partnership firm from suing someone or someone suing the partnership firm in a court of policies.
Limited Liability Partnership
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) firm is often a new involving business entity established by an Act of the Parliament. LLP allows members to retain flexibility of ownership (similar to Partnership Firm) but provides a liability program. The maximum liability of each partner within an Online LLP Registration in India is limited to the extent of his/her investment in the firm. An LLP has its own Permanent Account Number (PAN) and legal status. LLP also provides protection to partners for illegal or unauthorized actions taken by other partners of the LLP. A personal or Public Limited Company as well as Partnership Firms might be converted to a Limited Liability Partnership.
Private Limited Company
A Private Limited Company in India is in order to a C-Corporation in the. Private Limited Company allows its owners to subscribe to company shares. On subscribing to shares, pet owners (members) become shareholders of the company. A non-public Limited Clients are a separate legal entity both treated by simply taxation as well as liability. Private liability of this shareholders is limited to their share capital. A private limited company could be formed by registering the company name with appropriate Registrar of Companies (ROC). Draft of Memorandum of Association and Actual Association are able and signed by the promoters (initial shareholders) for this company. Usually are all products then sent to the Registrar along with applicable registration fees. Such company possess between 2 to 50 members. To look after the day-to-day activities within the company, Directors are appointed by the Shareholders. A personal Company has more compliance burden assigned a Partnership and LLP. For example, the Board of Directors must meet every quarter and you ought to annual general meeting of Shareholders and Directors end up being called. Accounts of business must get ready in accordance with Tax Act as well as Companies Federal act. Also Companies are taxed twice if profits are to be distributed to Shareholders. Closing a Private Limited Company in India is a tedious process and requires many formalities to be completed.
One good side, Shareholders of any Company can change without affecting the operational or legal standing of the company. Generally Venture Capital investors in order to invest in businesses have got Private Companies since it allows great greater level separation between ownership and operations.
Public Limited Company
Public Limited Company is a Private Company with no difference being that quantity of shareholders of the Public Limited Company can be unlimited with a minimum seven members. A Public Company can be either mentioned in a stock game or remain unlisted. A Listed Public Limited Company allows shareholders of business to trade its shares freely throughout the stock return. Such a company requires more public disclosures and compliance from federal government including appointment of independent directors within the board, public disclosure of books of accounts, cap of salaries of Directors and Boss. As in the case associated with Private Company, a Public Limited Company is also an impartial legal person, its existence is not affected the particular death, retirement or insolvency of some of its investors.